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Downhole Drilling Tools

Piedmont Plastics is a supplier of PEEK and PTFE thermoplastics for oil and gas downhole drilling tool sealing. These materials are resistant to chemicals.


The oil and gas industry operates in harsh environmental conditions. As oil and gas wells go deeper and demand for quicker extraction grows, the importance of leak-free electrical cables and sensor enclosures grows. Plastics offer the best choice for downhole drilling applications.

High performance PEEK (polyether ether ketone) and PTFE (polytetrafluoroethylene) thermoplastics offer durable, reliable sealing solutions. Both of these materials provide outstanding wear, electrical, water, and chemical resistance properties for the various parts, seals, rings, and gaskets used in downhole drilling tools. Unlike metal, PEEK and PTFE retain their physical properties despite the high pressure, extreme temperatures and corrosive water and chemicals involved in downhole drilling.

Piedmont Plastics partners with the leading manufacturers of PEEK and PTFE. We understand the importance of material traceability and quality control. Contact your qualified Piedmont representative to discuss our superior line of plastics for your downhole drilling needs.

How is plastic used in Downhole Drilling?

Plastic materials play crucial roles in downhole drilling operations, contributing to efficiency, durability, and safety in the extraction of oil and gas reserves from deep underground reservoirs. Here are some key ways in which plastics are utilized in downhole drilling:

  1. Casing and Tubing: High-density polyethylene (HDPE) and other thermoplastics are commonly used for casing and tubing in oil and gas wells. These materials offer excellent corrosion resistance, durability, and flexibility, making them well-suited for harsh downhole environments. Plastic casing and tubing help protect the wellbore from corrosion, erosion, and chemical damage, ensuring the integrity of the well over its operational lifespan.

  2. Liners and Liner Hangers: Thermoplastic liners, such as nylon or polyethylene, are often used to line the inside of the wellbore to prevent fluid migration and maintain well integrity. Additionally, plastic liner hangers are deployed to support and anchor the liner in place, facilitating efficient drilling and completion operations.

  3. Packers and Seals: Plastic packers and seals are utilized to isolate different sections of the wellbore and control the flow of fluids within the well. These components are typically made from elastomeric materials like rubber or thermoplastic elastomers (TPEs), which offer excellent sealing properties and resistance to downhole pressures and temperatures.

  4. Centralizers and Frac Plugs: Thermoplastic centralizers are deployed to ensure proper casing placement and cement distribution during well construction. These devices help maintain wellbore integrity and prevent formation damage. Additionally, plastic frac plugs are inserted into the wellbore to temporarily isolate hydraulic fracturing zones during stimulation operations, allowing for efficient fracturing and reservoir stimulation.

  5. Screens and Filters: Plastic screens and filters are used in downhole applications to control sand production, prevent formation damage, and improve well productivity. These components are typically made from durable thermoplastics like polyethylene or polypropylene, which offer high strength, corrosion resistance, and fine filtration capabilities.

  6. Downhole Tools: Various downhole tools, such as plugs, valves, and gauges, incorporate plastic components to enhance performance and reliability. Thermoplastics like polyetheretherketone (PEEK) or polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) are commonly used in these applications due to their excellent mechanical properties, chemical resistance, and thermal stability.

Overall, the use of plastics in downhole drilling operations offers numerous benefits, including improved corrosion resistance, enhanced durability, reduced maintenance costs, and increased operational efficiency. As the oil and gas industry continues to evolve, advancements in plastic materials and manufacturing technologies will further enhance their role in enabling safe and efficient drilling operations in challenging downhole environments.